Tuesday, May 16, 2017

‘Importance of conserving birds in Bhutan.’

Although, it is a century of rapid change in society, development in science and technology and in everyday life. It is the age of spacecraft, super-fast computer system and genetic engineering. At the cost of luxury, we became exceedingly ambitious and selfish of unrealistic commitments by mining our environment inaccurately. But, these changes should not come at the cost of conceding our immediate environment –beyond repairable, for which there are millions of life.  

Indeed, human beings are the principle agent who is seriously posing a threats to our environments. Over the recent years, intensifying and expanding reckless horizon of agricultural work, unlawful farm road construction, cunning hydroelectricity expansion and vitiate bird's natural habitats, nesting place and food. Climate change, with impacts already obvious is yet another serious threat building up around recently. These threats have deeper causes, rooted in complete failure of futuristic laws.

The number and the variety of the birds that migrate has declined over the years. Several bird's species continue to migrate and visit relatively unreasonable altitudes is perhaps another outlandish failure from Royal Government of Bhutan. Indicating serious change in ecosystem.  Previously, most migratory birds used to spread uniformly across reasonable altitudes. But, recently we have started to see more bird species visiting the uncommon places. At the same time few bird species which have terribly declined to an alarmingly low have signified poor human monitoring system in place. In the west, they have already started to feel this brunt of losing more such bird species than ever over few years, indicating serious urbanization. According to bird records and database maintained by UWICE, several migratory birds –black necked crane, hoopoe, bee-eaters, swifts, cuckoos, some warblers and white-bellied heron have not visited its normal habitats indicating very staid imbalance in nature. This drop of bird population are due to - recent global heating, hunting, lack of food, construction of roads, hydro-power hijacking and moody pollution.
Perhaps, it has left our bird enthusiast and environment lovers -beyond the questions, when common migratory birds within District have failed to turn up for nesting and for feeding. Since the places have seriously injured with unkind human planning's leaving our bird enthusiast far away from reaching their bird destination.
Within few years of time, we have already lost over 4-5% of bird species. Which means within few years an extinction rate has multiplied in many folds. The world records of birds database reads – “one in eight bird species is threatened with global extinction exceptionally at high rate to almost 200 bird's species critically endangered. Plus, the Red List Assessments has warned that serious decline in many bird species over the years in the row is a serious concern and needed serious and immediate national interventions.” This is an indication of broader environmental problems, attrition of biodiversity and serious imbalance in our ecology.
Honestly, we live in a small compact society and everything is still manageable. All we needed is a committed mind to execute the plan more accurately by being more human. Unless we have tight policy, we can never experience healthy environment and friendly ecosystem.

It is time that we must come together and make a proper decision and act wisely right from the base. Bhutan's forest coverage, ecology and conservation of some critically endangered bird species would result in top human management system in place for all times. In fact, we are already ahead of other advanced countries in knowledge of bird habitats and conservation. Therefore, it is our responsibility to make sure that the birds need to survive and multiply in a pristine and clean undisturbed environments with less threats. Let our individual social duty be their Red Carpet opportunity for their survival. It is time we must stand firm and let go some political promises unnoticed from unwise mining of forest for their political advantage.   
To let the population of bird decline would be a national disgrace. Safe wildlife to safe Bhutan's Outstanding Environmental Stewardship Award. 

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